London: William Eyres for T. Cadell and N. Conant, 1777. Full calf. 4to (28.3 cm, 11.1").  489  pp.; plates.
First edition: John Howard (1726-1790) visited local prisons and discovered jailers were paid by fees from prisoners. Howard convinced the House of Commons to create acts to salary jailers, to free the innocent, and to provide clean and ventilated quarters, clothes, and medical care to prisoners. He spent a lifetime and much of his wealth researching prisons, hospitals, and workhouses throughout Europe and Russia. A bill was passed based on Howard's conclusion that penitentiaries should provide regular labor and religious instruction so prisoners could learn a trade and become reformed.
Lowndes p. 1127. ESTC T153060. PMM 224. Encyclopaedia Britannica. DNB . Aiken, A view of the life, travels, and philanthropic labors of the late John Howard, 1794. Contemporary polished calf; spine with raised bands, gilt rules, and gilt title on red morocco label; boards edge-rolled. All edges gilt. Three architectural folding plates. Index. Front pastedown with bookplate of Auchincruive an 18th-century country estate in Scotland. Crown with loss, front joint cracking, wear to extremities, gilt edges dulled, scattered foxing, offset from plates, and small bookmark offset. Important first edition with wide margins and lovely plates. Very good+. Item #897